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Issue of heavy school bags

Heavy School Bags are a serious threat to the health and well being of the students. It has a severe, adverse physical effect on the growing children which can cause damage to their vertebral column and knees. It also causes anxiety in them. Moreover, in the schools which are functioning in multistoried buildings, the children have to climb the steps with heavy School Bags, which further aggravates the problem and health consequences.

This heavy load is caused by the fact that the children bring textbooks, guides, home work notebooks, rough work notebooks etc., to the classroom every day. Therefore, clear Guidelines of what to bring to the schools is required.

The load of a School Bag, as estimated in some of the Telangana districts, weighs about 6 to 12 Kgs at Primary level and 12 to 17 Kgs at High School level.

The Telangana state government hence took up a survey on the School Bag load in some of the districts. Based on the Survey, an exercise has been taken up to arrive at the proper load of the School Bags and a Policy on home work and assignments. A Guideline has also been issued by the Telangana state government directing the Managements under the Government, Local Bodies, Aided and Un-Aided Private Schools in the State to implement these Guidelines to reduce the load of the School Bags for Classes I to X, with effect from the Academic Year, 2017-18, onward.

General guidelines to reduce the load of school bags

1. All the schools following the State Curriculum have to follow the textbooks prescribed by the State Academic Authority i.e., SCERT, Government of Telangana. The number of textbooks in different classes should not exceed the number prescribed by the SCERT for the corresponding class.
2. Schools should focus on making the children understand concepts rather than just memorising the concepts. Freedom should be given to the children to read, comprehend and express for themselves.
3. Schools should avoid repeated copying from the text books / guide books during and after the school hours.
4. Reading library books and participation in Games, Sports, Art & Culture and other creative, co-curricular activities for holistic development of the children must be encouraged.
5. Feedback on the assessment and the performance of the children is a must to improve the performance of the students and also the teachers. The use of Guides and Guide type study material should be avoided and children should be made to think, imagine and construct their own answers.
6. The subject-wise Guides or Guide type study material/workbooks are not to be used as stipulated vide G.O.Ms.No.17, School Education (PE-Prog.II) Department, dated.14.05.2014. Children are expected to write answers to the questions and other tasks given in the text books on their own to be corrected by the teachers.
7. Strict adherence of the Academic Calendar in terms of the school timings, examination schedule, nature of assessments, CCE etc. is required.
8. Games and Sports in the evenings must be encouraged rather than engaging the children again in tuitions and homework only. Recreation and physical activity is a must for a growing child and it is the right of the children.

Guidelines for Primary Schools
1. Three textbooks have been prescribed for Classes I & II i.e., Mother Tongue, English, Mathematics and four textbooks have been prescribed for Classes III to V i.e., Mother Tongue, English, Mathematics and Environmental Studies by the State Academic Authority i.e., SCERT, which should be followed.
2. There should be one note book of 100 pages for each subject for under- taking Formative Assessment items such as textbook exercises, projects, slip tests etc. This too the children need not bring everyday to the school. Two subjects per week i.e., @ 3 days per subject shall be prescribed along with two 100 pages double ruled note books for improving the handwriting.
3. The schools should provide safe drinking water to avoid children getting drinking water bottles from their houses.
4. There shall not be any homework for primary grade children i.e., from Classes I to V. All the work pertaining to exercises given at the end of each unit/lesson in the text books, should be done during the school hours under the supervision of the teachers. Separate periods should be allocated for undertaking exercise part in the class itself after completion of the teaching of the particular unit/lesson. Enough time for this practice should be made available in the school time table itself.
5. The weight of the School Bag has been calculated as per the above Guidelines and found that by including the textbooks and notebooks and the weight of the empty School Bag for Classes I & II, is should not exceed 1.5 Kg and with regard to Classes III to V it should be about 2 to 3 Kg.

Upper Primary Sections and Secondary Schools – Classes VI & VII and VIII to X
1. As per the State curriculum, six Textbooks have been prescribed for Classes VI & VII i.e., 3 language Textbooks and one Textbook each for Maths, Science and Social Studies. For Classes VIII to X, there are seven Text books prescribed i.e., 3 language Textbooks and one textbook each for Maths, Physical Science, Biological Science and Social Studies.
2. There shall be one note book of 200 pages for each subject for under taking Formative Assessment items such as textbook exercises, projects, slip tests, experiments etc. This too the children need not bring everyday to the school. There shall be one note book as rough note book for all the subjects to be brought everyday to the school and used for class work.

Implementation
Primary, Upper Primary and High School are to take the following steps also and inform the students and parents accordingly and also supervise the implementation of these steps, in order to reduce the load of the School Bags.

1. Inform the students in advance about the books and notebooks to be brought to the school on a particular day.
2. Inform the students and parents regarding appropriate kind of School Bags i.e. which have broad padded straps for symmetrical distribution of weight.
3. The students should always use both straps for carrying the School Bag and should not sling the Bag over one shoulder.
4. The students should keep the Bag down while waiting for the school conveyance or in the school Assembly.
5. The schools must ensure that students carry books only according to the timetable.
6. School Heads should counsel the parents and teachers about the health issues arising out of the children carrying heavy School Bags to school.
7. Schools should not prescribe additional and supplementary textbooks that are voluminous, costly and designed in a pedagogically unsound manner other than by SCERT.
8. Students should be encouraged to repack their bags on daily basis and avoid carrying unnecessary articles, textbooks and workbooks that are not needed.
9. The schools must frequently check the School Bags to ensure that the students are not carrying heavy Bags with unnecessary material.

Source URL: http://vikaspedia.in/education/education-best-practices/reduction-of-weight-of-school-bags

1. C.B.S.E. Scholarship Scheme 2016
This scheme is a central government scheme for single girl child to boost up girl education in India. The objective of the scheme is to give some relaxation in school tuition fee. Another aim of this scheme is to promote single girl child. It is available only for a single girl child, she must be a student of a government school.

Benefit
Under this scheme, the girl will get a relaxation of Rs.500 per month in her school tuition fee.

Eligibility
The girl should have scored 60 percent or 6.2 CGPA in her 10th boards.
The girl should be a student of a government school. (Till 10th boards)
She should be the single girl child of her parents.
Her school fee should not be more than Rs.1500 a month.

2. Sukanya Samriddhi Yojna
This is a very famous central government scheme for single girl child. This government schemes for girl child is a part of Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao campaign. The objective of this girl child scheme in India is to save the girl child and provide her better education and secure good future for her. This scheme works like a saving plan. This is a wonderful plan for those parents who want to begin early for their daughter’s education and wedding. Under this scheme, there is no strict minimum amount to invest. You can deposit as little as Rs.100. The account remains active until 21 years from the date of opening the account.

Benefits
This government schemes for girl child fetches a good benefit of 9.1 percent. Moreover, you will get tax benefits too. For tax benefits, you will need to submit the premium slip along with other details while submitting income tax saving proofs.

Eligibility
The girl should be less than 10 years old.
The opening amount of the account is Rs 1,000.
The maximum amount one can deposit is Rs 1,50,000 a year.
Parents will have to pay in the account for 14 years. For example, you opened the account when your daughter was 3 years old, you will need to invest in this account until the girl turns 17 (3+14).

3. Balika Samridhi Yojna
The Balika Samridhi Yojna was launched by the Govt. of India on 15th August 1997. All girls who are born on or after 15 August 1997 are eligible for this scheme. As the name suggests, Balika Samridhi Yojna meant to be for the upliftment of girls. This government schemes for the girl child is available for both rural and urban areas.

Benefits
Under this girl child scheme in India, the girl child will get two benefits. First, a gift of Rs. 500 at the time of her birth and second, a fixed amount will be deposited in her account whenever she heads to the next class during her school days (till class 10th). Below is the list of monetary benefit for the girl child:

Class Scholarship Money
I-III Rs.300/annum for each class
IV Rs.500 /annum
V Rs.600/annum
VI-VII Rs.700/annum for each class
VIII Rs.800/annum
IX-X Rs.1000/annum for each class

Eligibility
The girl should be born on or after 15 August,997.
She should belong to below poverty line.
Only two girls from one family can avail the benefits.

4. Mukhyamantri Rajshri Yojna
This girl child scheme in India is to ensure that girls get proper medical care and education right from the day they are born. Under this scheme, the government gives a fixed amount to the girl child at various stages in her life. The main objective of the scheme is to spread positivity about the girl child, improve gender ration and to provide financial aid for her education.

Benefits
First of all, the government will give Rs.2500 to the mother of the girl child at the time of giving birth
When the girl child completes one year of her birth, the government checks the records of the vaccination given to the girl child. If the girl gets all the vaccination on time, the mother will again receive Rs.2500 through cheque.
The government will provide Rs.4000 to the girl child at the time of her admission in the 1st standard in any public school.
In the aim to provide financial support to the girl child, the government will again give Rs. 5000 when she passes class 5th and heads to class 6th.
Rs.11000 per class will be given to the girl child when she passes class 11th and class 12th.
When the girl successfully completes her school education, the government will give a financial aid of Rs.25000 at the time of passing class 12th.
Eligibility
The girl child must be born in Rajasthan state.
The girl should be born on or after 1st June 2016.

5. Mukhyamantri Kanya Suraksha Yojna
The Bihar government has come up with a unique girl child scheme in India to help the below poverty line girls. This scheme is an alliance between the Bihar government and UTI mutual fund. The main attractive point of this scheme is that the girl or the parents will not receive the amount until the girl turns 18years. The consolidated amount will be given to the girl child after attaining adulthood. Below are the further details of the scheme:

Benefit
Under this scheme, the government will deposit Rs.2,000 in the name of the girl in UTI mutual fund. This amount will fetch a good rate of interest and will become around Rs.18,000 at the time of maturity. It will be given to the girl at the age of 18.

Eligibility
The girl should be born on or after 22nd November 2007.
The girl should belong to BPL(Below Poverty Line) family.
This scheme can be benefitted by only two girls per family.
The girl’s birth registration must be done within one year of her birth.
The overall age of the girl should not be more than three years.

6. Mukhyamantri Laadli Yojna
The Jharkhand government has taken a good initiative to give financial assistance to make girls self-dependent. Under this scheme, the girl will not only get interim payment during the various stages in her life but also receive a huge amount of Rs. 1,00,000 at the age of 21.

Benefit
The Jharkhand government will deposit Rs.6,000 per year for a term of five years in the name of the girl child at post office savings account.
This will turn into an approximate amount of Rs.1,00,000 at the time of maturity. It can be withdrawn by the girl at the age of 21 years. However, the girl should be unmarried till then.
Apart from the above benefit, the girl will also receive the interim financial assistance of Rs. 2000, Rs. 4000, and Rs. 7500 while studying in class 6th, 9th, and 11th respectively.
When the girl enters into higher secondary classes, the Jharkhand government supports her with Rs.200/month as a stipend money.
Eligibility
The girl should belong to the BPL (Below Poverty Line) family.
The girl should be born on or after 1st April 2008.
There should be only two children in the benefited family.
The girl child should not get married until the age of 21 years.
The birth certificate of the girl child should be generated with the one year of her birth.

7. Mazi Kanya Bhagyashree Scheme
The Maharastra government inaugurated Mazi Kanya Bhagyashree Scheme in April 2016. The main focus of this scheme is to control the increasing population and promote girl child. The annual budget for the scheme was set Rs.200 crore. Under this scheme, the benefited girl child will get money at various stages during her life. This scheme is available only for people living in Maharashtra.

Benefits
As per the rules of this government schemes for the girl child, the mother will get Rs.500o a month.This amount will be given to the mother till the girl turns five years old.
The girl child will receive Rs.3000 simultaneously. It will also be given for the first five years.
As soon as the girl attains 18 years of age, she will get Rs 1 lakh from the Maharashtrian government.
Eligibility
The girl should belong to the BPL (Below Poverty Line) family.
This government schemes for girl child is mainly available for a single girl child. If a second daughter takes birth in the same family, the amount will be distributed between both the girls. However, if a third child takes birth in the same family (irrespective of daughter and son), the scheme will become null and will be ceased.

8. Nanda Devi Kanya Yojna
Nanda Devi Kanya Yojna is an amazing initiative by the Uttrakhand government. This scheme is launched with the help of women and child welfare department. This government schemes for girl child focuses on financial help to girls at the time of their studies after school. The main benefit of the scheme is that the girl child receives a huge fixed deposit amount at the time of adulthood.

Benefits
Under this scheme, the girl child receives double monetary benefits in her life. First of all, an amount of Rs.5000 will be given at the time of birth of the girl child.
Also, a fixed amount of Rs.15000 is fixed in the name of the girl child and it will be given to the girl when she turns 18 years old or passes the class 10th examination. Hence, this amount gives help to the girl and the family for further studies.
Eligibility
The applicant should hold Uttrakhand domicile
The income of the family of the girl child should be less than 36000/month (for rural area) and 42000/month (for urban area)
The applicant should belong to the below poverty line
Only two girl child from the same family can avail this benefit
The applicant should have the following documents: Aadhar Card, Domicile Certificate, Income Certificate, Girl’s Birth Certificate, BPL Certificate and Maternal-Child Protection Card.

Smart Study :
Exam के लिए पढाई करते वक़्त आप पहले उन चीज़ो को पढ़ ले जो आसान है या जिसे आपने पहले पढ़ लिया है। इससे आपकी revision हो जाएगी और आप इन topics के बारे में confident हो जायेंगे।फिर आप independent chapter कर ले मतलब ऐसे chapter जो किसी दूसरे chapters पे depend नहीं करते या reference नहीं लेते। ऐसे chapter कर लेने से आप ज्यादा से ज्यादा section cover कर लेते है। EXAM के लिए पढ़ते वक़्त smartly time management करना जरुरी है।

Presentation :
यहाँ presentation का मतलब यह नहीं है की आपका handwriting कितना सुन्दर है? Presentation मतलब आपने सवालों के जवाब किस प्रकार लिखे है उसका format। उत्तर लिखते वक़्त जरुरी चीज़े highlight करना, महत्वपूर्ण चीज़ो को points में लिखना। जहा जरुरी है वहा diagrams निकालके उसको समझाना। यह चीज़े presentation में आती है।

कोड बना ले :
exam के समय कई ऐसी चीजे होती हैं जो सिर्फ़ एक शब्द से ही ध्यान में जाती हैं आप उस चीजो के कोड अपने दिमाग में बिठा ले ताकी exam के समय आपको उसे ज्यादा याद करने की जरुरत न पड़े कोड याद आते ही आगे पूरा याद आये।

Cold Drinks Avoid करना :
अलग अलग प्रकार के कोल्ड ड्रिंक्स पीने की आदत हमें EXAM के time पे बहुत ही घातक हो सकती है। Tea, Coffee, जैसे drinks को भी EXAM के दौरान बंद करना चाहिए। यह चीज़े आपको अस्थिर बनाती है जिससे panic attack या EXAM में blank हो जाना जैसी चीज़े होती है।

लिखने की practice :
Physics, Maths, Accounts जैसे विषय सिर्फ पढ़ने से कोई फायदा नहीं होगा । ऐसे subjects के लिए आपको लिखना होगा और उन् सब चीज़ो की practice करनी होगी।

आसान सवाल पहले :
हम सब को पता हैं की exam में पेपर लिखते समय समय की पाबन्दी होती हैं। इसलिए हमारे सामने exam पेपर आते ही आसान सवाल के जवाब पहले लिखना और फिर बाद में बाकि सवाल के जवाब इससे आपका समय काफी हद तक बचेंगा।

Health पे ध्यान देना :
अक्सर हम EXAM के वक़्त खुद के health का ख़याल नहीं रखते। रात को देर तक पढ़ते वक़्त अपने पास थोड़े ड्राई फ्रूट्स रखने से भूक मिटाने में आसानी होगी। ध्यान रहे यह खाना light होना चाहिए। मसालेदार और फ्राइड जंक खाने से आपको नींद आ जाएगी और पढ़ना मुश्किल हो जायेगा।

सोशल मीडिया से दूर रहना :
फेसबुक ट्विटर Whatsapp ये सब से पढाई करते वक़्त दूर रहना ही भलाई है। सोशल मीडिया हर पल हमें distract करता रहता हे इसीलिए अपने फ़ोन टीवी और कंप्यूटर को बंद करके पूरा ध्यान पढ़ने पे लगाना चाहिए।

प्राणायाम और ध्यान :
प्राणायाम और ध्यान करने से आप को एनर्जी मिलेगी और दिमाग शांत रहेगा। मेमोरी इम्प्रूव होगी जिससे आप EXAM में आसानी से अच्छे मार्क्स ला सकते है।

यह सभी टिप्स आपको पढाई करते वक़्त मदद करेंगी और आप पुरे उत्साह के साथ EXAM दे सकेंगे। EXAM का मुख्य लक्ष्य आपका ज्ञान परखना है नाकि आप को नीचा दिखाना। EXAM में आप कितने मार्क्स लाते है इससे ज्यादा आपका EXAM के प्रति रवैया कैसा है इस पर आप के जीवन की कई महत्वपूर्ण बाते निर्भर है।

Education has been an issue in our country and lack of it’s been everlasting for all styles of evil for many years. Even Rabindranath Tagore wrote long articles regarding however Indian education system must modification. Funny issue is that from the colonial times, few things have modified. we’ve established IITs, IIMs, law colleges and alternative establishments of excellence; students currently habitually score ninetieth marks in order that even students with 90+ proportion notice it tough to urge into the universities of their choice; however we have a tendency to do additional of the identical previous stuff.

Rote learning still plagues our system, students study solely to attain marks in exams, and typically to crack exams like IIT JEE, AIIMS or CLAT. The colonial masters introduced education systems in Republic of India to form clerks and civil servants, and that we haven’t deviated a lot of from that pattern until nowadays. If once the kids ready en bloc for civil services and bank officers exams, they currently prepare to become engineers. If there are some centres of academic excellence, for every of these there are thousands of mediocre and terrible colleges, faculties and currently even universities that don’t meet even minimum standards. If things have modified a bit bit somewhere, elsewhere things have ruined into any inertia, corruption and lack of ambition.

Creating some additional colleges or permitting many faculties and personal universities to mushroom isn’t visiting solve the crisis of education in Republic of India. And a crisis it’s – we have a tendency to are in an exceedingly country wherever individuals are disbursal their parent’s life savings and borrowed cash on education – and even then not obtaining normal education, and troubled to search out employment of their alternative. during this country, countless students are victim of associate degree surreal, pointless, mindless modus operandi. The mind desensitizing competition and rote don’t solely crush the ability and originality of countless Indian students per annum, it conjointly drives sensible students to kill.

we have a tendency to conjointly sleep in a rustic wherever the individuals see education because the suggests that of climb the social and economic ladder. If the education system is failing – then it’s not at all thanks to lack of demand permanently education, or as a result of a marketplace for education doesn’t exist.

Education system in Republic of India is failing thanks to additional intrinsic reasons. There are general faults that don’t let our demand permanently education translate into glorious marketplace with excellent education services.

प्राथमिक शिक्षा
प्राथमिक शिक्षा ऐसा आधार है जिसपर देश तथा इसके प्रत्येक नागरिक का विकास निर्भर करता है। हाल के वर्षों में भारत ने प्राथमिक शिक्षा में नामांकन, छात्रों की संख्या बरकरार रखने, उनकी नियमित उपस्थिति दर और साक्षरता के प्रसार के संदर्भ में काफी प्रगति की है। जहाँ भारत की उन्नत शिक्षा पद्धति को भारत देश के आर्थिक विकास का मुख्य योगदानकर्ता तत्व माना जाता है, वहीं भारत में आधारभूत शिक्षा की गुणवत्ता फिलहाल एक चिंता का विषय है।

भारत में 14 साल की उम्र तक के सभी बच्चों को निःशुल्क तथा अनिवार्य शिक्षा प्रदान करना संवैधानिक प्रतिबद्धता है। देश के संसद ने वर्ष 2009 में ‘शिक्षा का अधिकार अधिनियम’ पारित किया था जिसके द्वारा 6 से 14 साल के सभी बच्चों के लिए शिक्षा एक मौलिक अधिकार हो गई थी। हालांकि देश में अभी भी आधारभूत शिक्षा को सार्वभौम नहीं बनाया जा सका है। इसका अर्थ है बच्चों का स्कूलों में सौ फीसदी नामांकन और स्कूलिंग सुविधाओं से लैस हर घर में उनकी संख्या को बरकरार रखना। इसी कमी को पूरा करने हेतु सरकार ने वर्ष 2001 में सर्व शिक्षा अभियान योजना की शुरुआत की थी, जो अपनी तरह की दुनिया में सबसे बड़ी योजना थी।

सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी के इस युग में सूचना व संचार प्रौद्योगिकी शिक्षा क्षेत्र में वंचित और संपन्न समुदायों, खासकर ग्रामीण क्षेत्रों में, के बीच की दूरी पाटने का कार्य कर रहा है। भारत विकास प्रवेशद्वार ने प्राथमिक शिक्षा के क्षेत्र में भारत में मौलिक शिक्षा के सार्वभौमीकरण हेतु प्रचुर सामग्रियों को उपलब्ध कराकर छात्रों तथा शिक्षकों की क्षमता बढ़ाने की पहल की है।

बाल अधिकार
बाल अधिकार आज के समय की सबसे बड़ी और उभरती हुई जरुरत है, जिसके बारे में लोगों में जानकारी का अभाव है। इस भाग में ऐसे कई बाल अधिकारों पर विशेष रूप से ध्यान केन्द्रण का उद्देश्य बच्चों के बाल अधिकारों का हनन होने से रोकना और उनके अधिकार सुरक्षित करना है।

नीतियां और योजनाएं
6 से 14 साल की उम्र के बीच के हर बच्चे को मुफ्त और अनिवार्य शिक्षा का अधिकार है। इस 86 वें संविधान संशोधन अधिनियम के अनुच्छेद 21 ए जोड़ा गया और इसे कार्यान्वित करने के लिए सरकार द्वारा किये जा रहे प्रयासों की जानकारी इस भाग में दी गई है।

बाल जगत
मल्टीमीडिया सामग्री के विभिन्न भाग विज्ञान खंड आदि रचनात्मक सोच और सीखने की प्रक्रिया में बच्चों में सक्रिय भागीदारी को प्रोत्साहित करते हैं। इसी तरह के अन्य उदाहरणों को इस भाग में प्रस्तुत किया गया है।

शिक्षक मंच
शिक्षण और अधिगम प्रक्रिया की अनेक महत्वपूर्ण बातें शिक्षार्थी जीवन में इस प्रक्रिया की उपयोगिता सिद्ध करती हैं। विभिन्न कौशल के साथ शिक्षक की विद्यार्थी के व्यवहार और सीखने के अनुभव के साथ समग्र विकास में किस तरह भूमिका होती है- इसकी संक्षिप्त जानकारी यह भाग देता है।

ऑनलाइन मूल्यांकन
यह भाग ऑनलाइन मूल्यांकन के अंतर्गत वेब संसाधनों और स्त्रोत की सहायता से गणित,विज्ञान,भूगोग की स्वमूल्यांकन प्रक्रिया को दर्शाते हुए राज्य,उनकी राजधानियों और भारत के नदियों के नाम और उनकी विशेषताओं के बारे में जानने का अवसर देता है।

शिक्षा की ओर प्रवृत करने की पहल
इस भाग में बहुप्रतिभा सिद्धांत की व्याख्या करते हुये बुद्धि के विभिन्न प्रकार (शाब्दिक,तार्किक आदि) के बारे में गार्नर के मनोवैज्ञानिक सिद्धांत को प्रस्तुत किया गया है। यह भाग बताता है कि प्रत्येक व्यक्ति की सीखने की शैली,शिक्षा में इसके उपयोग के साथ स्कूल में बहु-प्रतिभा सिद्धान्त अपनाने के अनेक लाभ हैं।

कैरियर मार्गदर्शन
कैरियर में मार्गदर्शन से भविष्य को बेहतर तरीके से आकार देने में मदद मिलती है। यह भाग पाठकों को उपलब्ध विभिन्न अध्ययन और 10 वीं कक्षा, स्नातक के बाद मिलने वाले रोजगार के अवसरों की जानकारी के साथ इससे जुड़ीं अन्य महत्वपूर्ण जानकारियों को जानने का अवसर देता है।

कंप्यूटर शिक्षा
इस भाग के विभिन्न विषय आपकी सूचना और प्रौद्योगिकी की जानकारी में इज़ाफा करते हुए उसके माध्यम से क्षमता निर्माण में उसके द्वारा होने वाले महत्वपूर्ण योगदान की जानकारी देते हैं।

संसाधन लिंक
यह भाग शिक्षा क्षेत्र में उपयोगी सरकारी,वैश्विक संसाधन,प्रशिक्षण एवं आदान-प्रदान योग्य संसाधन,बाल अधिकार व प्रचार संसाधन आदि की जानकारी देते हुए और शिक्षा समाचार स्त्रोत की उपयोगिता बताते हुए इस क्षेत्र में कार्यरत अंतर्राष्ट्रीय अभिकरणों को भी जानने का अवसर देता है।

चर्चा मंच
शिक्षा का चर्चा मंच शिक्षा से जुड़े विभिन्न विषयों पर आपको अपने विचारों को प्रस्तुत करने के साथ अन्यों के साथ अपने विचारों और सूचनाओं को आदान-प्रदान करने का अवसर भी देता है।

बच्चें देश के भविष्य हैं. हम उन्हें संसाधन के अभाव में शिक्षा से वंचित नहीं होने देंगे. उक्त बातें उत्तर बिहार के प्रमुख शहर मुजफ्फरपुर में संचालित सुदामा एजुकेशनल एंड सोशल वेलफेयर ट्रस्ट के अध्यक्ष प्रभाष कुमार ने आज डेली बिहार न्यूज से खास मुलाकात में बातचीत के दौरान कही.

उन्होंने कहा कि जिले के ग्रामीण क्षेत्रों में प्रतिभावान छात्रों की कोई कमी नहीं है लेकिन संसाधन की कमी के कारण ये प्रतिभाशाली छात्र आगे की पढाई नहीं कर पाते हैं. यह ट्रस्ट जिले के पैमाने पर गरीब-मेधावी छात्रों की पहचान कर उन्हें वर्ग नौवीं एवं दसवीं के लिए स्कॉलरशिप उपलब्ध कराएगा. वैसे चिन्हित छात्रों की पढाई के लिए ट्रस्ट ने जिले के कटरा प्रखंड क्षेत्र के बेरई में संचालित विश्वास क्लासेज से अनुबंध किया है. इस योजना के शुरुआती दौर में पचास बच्चों का चयन किया जाएगा.

चयन की प्रक्रिया

मेधावी छात्रों के चयन की प्रक्रिया शुरु कर दी गयी है. ट्रस्ट के अध्यक्ष के अनुसार कोई भी व्यक्ति पेटीएम के माध्यम से एक रुपया का सहयोग राशि देकर गरीब-मेधावी बच्चों के भविष्य को संवारने में अपना योगदान दे सकते हैं.

सुदामा एजुकेशनल एंड सोशल वेलफेयर ट्रस्ट द्वारा गरीब-मेधावी छात्रों के हित में शुरु किए गये इस अभियान की जिले के सामाजिक संगठन एवं शिक्षा प्रेमी बुद्धिजीवी जमकर सराहना कर रहे हैं.

Surrounding with so many gadgets is slowly killing one of the most beautiful habit of ours, ‘reading’. If you have a book in your hand, you cannot feel alone at all. Journey with books can takes you to some other world. By reading books you can live many lives before dying.

In this article we choose a tough task of picking few of the master pieces written by Indian writers. You just need to read them one by one to experience some character’s journey, to live another life.
  • Interpreter of Maladies by Jhumpa Lahiri

Why to read:  The Interpreter of Maladies has nine poignant stories. In these stories Lahiri relates the Indian immigrant experience, connecting the tales and creating one voice for them.  Lahiri paints the character’s picture so well that you can relate to them, you can easily feel connected to a lonely wife, and to a man who is working in a foreign country and carving for his family.

  • Train to Pakistan by Khushwant Singh

Why to read: The book Train to Pakistan is the highly acclaimed novel written by Khushwant Singh. This book narrates a powerful story about the Partition of India in 1947 in KS style. This book tells that how two communities once lived happily together, became rivals, stories of Murders, thefts, molestations, massacres, over just a short span of time are enough to send shivers down your spine.

  • A Suitable Boy by Vikram Seth

Why to read: This book will take you to the era of Nehru’s, the post independence period. It’s a story of Lata a 19 year old girl. This book has touched all emotions of human life. A wonderful story to show what happens when ordinary people caught up in a web of love and ambition.

 

  • The Palace of Illusions by Chitra Banerjee Devakurni

Why to read: We all know the story of Mahabharata, but this book will give you new view about this battle. The author has penned down this book by stepping into Panachali’s shoes. This book tells how emotion of revenge can be dangerous in its own way.

  • The Blue Umbrella by Ruskin Bond

Why to read: The Blue Umbrella is a short and humorous novella set in the hills of Garhwal. Its finest USP is its simple yet witty language. It has a lovely little story with very believable, very identifiable characters.

  • The White tiger by Aravind Adiga

Why to read: Balram, the main character of this book narrates his story of success. The novel offers a window into the rapidly changing economic situation in India. The remarkable balance of satire and compassion makes The White Tiger a rare beast indeed.

 

 

 

अपने बच्चों को उनके काम के लिए फीडबेक (Feedback) देना माता पिता के लिए व विधार्थोयों को फीडबेक (Feedback) देना अध्यापको के लिए बहुत मुश्किल काम हैं. आप आगे पढ़े इससे पहले ही ये बता देने उचित हैं कि हम फीडबेक (Feedback) को केवल रिजल्ट में मिलें ग्रेड व अंकों से परिभाषित नहीं कर रहे हैं. फीडबेक (Feedback) से हमारा आशय हैं बच्चों को ये बताने से कि उनके द्वारा किया गया एक्शन कितना सही या गलत हैं.

फीडबेक के रूप में आपसे प्रशंसा पाकर आपके बच्चें motivate हो सकते हैं व आलोचना सुनकर demotivated, इसलिए फीडबैक (Feedback) देना इतना भी आसान नहीं हैं.

इन पांच बिंदुओं के जरिये हम इस मुश्किल कार्य को कुछ आसान बनाने में आपकी सहायता कर सकते हैं.-

1. फीडबेक (Feedback) देने की शुरुआत पॉजिटिव पॉइंट्स से अगर करें तो ज्यादा बेहतर होगा, अगर 50 प्रतिशत भी बच्चा अच्छा कर रहा हैं तो पहले उसे उसकी अच्छाई बताएं बाद में उन हिस्सों का नाम लें जहाँ मेहनत करने की अधिक जरूरत हैं.
2. अपने शब्दों का चयन भी सावधानी से करें. जैसे अपने बच्चे से ये कहने की जगह की आप उससे नाराज़ हैं अगर आप ये कहें कि आप परेशान हैं क्यूंकि उसने दूध नहीं पिया, बच्चा आपकी बात को सकारात्मक तरीके से लेगा.
3. जब आप अपने बच्चें को फीडबेक (Feedback) देती हैं तो आपका उद्देश्य आने वाले समय में अपने बच्चे को बेहतर बनाना होता हैं, इसी को ध्यान में रखते हुए past के विषय में बात न करें. जैसे यदि पिछले टेस्ट में आपके बच्चे के मार्क्स कम आए हैं तो आज उसे पढ़ाते हुए ये ने कहें कि पिछले टेस्ट में कम नंबर आए थे इसलिए मैथ्स पर ध्यान दो बल्कि ये कहें कि आने वाले टेस्ट में और अच्छे नंबर चाहियें तो मैथ्स पर ज्यादा ध्यान दो.
4. यक़ीनन आप अपने बच्चें से बहुत प्यार करते हैं और उसे यह कहना या समझाना आसान नहीं है कि उसने कुछ गलत किया हैं, अगर आपको ऐसा कुछ लगता हैं जिसका फीडबेक (Feedback) नेगेटिव हैं तो बिना अपने शब्दों को प्यार या दुलार की चाशनी में लपेटे हुए अपने बच्चें को समझाना ही उचित हैं. साथ ही कुछ गलत होने पर में हूँ ना कहने के बदले “पहले खुद से ठीक करने की कोशिश करों” कहना बेहतर हैं.
5. अंत में ज्यादा तारीफ व अधिक आलोचना दोनों ही बच्चों के लिए ठीक नहीं इसलिए अधिकता से बचें.